How did Confucianism begin?
A Chinese philosopher named K'ung Fu-tzu or Confucius, the Westernized
that a society could become perfect, if the people who lived in it exhibited
"beautiful conduct." Confucius was born in 551 B.C.E. He had a government
job which he gave up to devote his
life to teaching people how to behave. Today over five million people, mostly
in China and the Far East, practice Confucianism.
What did Confucius teach people?
Confucius taught people five basic ideas about behavior:
Always be considerate to others.
Respect your ancestors.
Try for harmony and balance in all things.
Avoid extremes in behavior and emotion.
If you live in peace and harmony, then you will be in contact with the
spiritual forces of the universe, including nature.
Confucius taught five basic virtues:
Confucius also taught that your well-being depends directly on the well-being
of others. This principle is called Jen. Jen stresses the importance of
showing courtesy and loyalty to other people.
Those who practice Confucianism also believe the family and family values are
very important. Children are taught to be very respectful of their parents
and are taught to obey their parents.
Where are Confucius' ideas written down?
There are five texts which contain Confucian scriptures. These include poems,
rituals, and sayings.
Where do Confucians worship?
Some say Confucianism is more a description of how to be a good person than a
spiritual practice. However, after Confucius's death, people built temples in
his honor. There are ceremonies that take place in these temples. Confucius
believed that "Heaven is the author of the virtue that is in me." He meant
that he saw heaven itself as a kind of god, the god or supreme being who
created virtue in us. This helps show how Confucianism is more than just a
code of behavior. Also, over time aspects of Buddhism and Taoism have
influenced Confucianism. Many people practice a combination of these